The most common causes for varicose veins are pregnancy, pelvic or leg injuries, hip or knee surgery, heredity, and occupations where you stand or sit for prolonged periods of time. A normal vein has a series of valves to help it move blood against the force of gravity back to the heart. If the valves do not close properly, pressure will increase inside the vein causing it to enlarge and distort it’s shape. Endovenous closure is used to close varicose veins caused by an incompetent (abnormal valves) long or short saphenous vein. This procedure uses a catheter (long slender tube) powered by radiofrequency or laser to close the lumens of these abnormal veins. It is relatively pain free with no down time.
Hernias are enlarged natural openings in the body or separations of muscle that allow underlying tissue to protrude through them. An example of a natural hernia is the hiatal hernia that allows the stomach to protrude into the chest cavity. Separations of muscle can occur in previous incisions. Abdominal incisions are the most common for this problem, and can allow portions of the small and large bowel to herniate through the separation.
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